Binge drinking or binge drinking: what are its consequences?

Although it is done occasionally, if we drink excessively at a party or meeting, our health could be affected. Know the effects of binge drinking.

Last update: September 19, 2022

Drinking too much liquor can have health consequences. But this is intensified when people incur the so-called binge drinking or binge drinking.

In general, this practice is considered can affect in the short, medium and long term, from the physical and mental point of view. Additionally, the nervous system is altered and both an inhibitory effect and a lack of coordination are produced, which increases risky behavior and the probability of suffering injuries and accidents.

“Binge drinking” or binge drinking: what do they mean?

It could be thought that the problems related to alcoholism are more typical of people who drink regularly. Nevertheless, the disorder lies not only in the frequency, but also in how much is ingested on one occasion.

In this sense, the binge drinking or binge drinking is a practice that consists of consuming large amounts of alcohol in a short period of time. The term binge is used, in English, to refer to activities that are done in an extreme way.

The objective that is sought is to get drunk quickly or that the effects that are felt are more intense. In this sense, a person can ingest 4 and up to 5 drinks in a period of 2 hours.

And to this should be added the fact that you can spend an average of 6 hours in a social gathering, having perhaps 20 drinks. As a result, according to research, a high level of intoxication is reached (with an alcohol level of not less than 0.8 g/l).

This modality It is more common in males between the ages of 20 and 40.. According to a study carried out at the José Ramón León Acosta Polyclinic in Santa Clara (Cuba), 70% of the patients who were admitted for problems related to alcohol consumption were located in this age range.

Alcohol binge is more frequent in social settings of meetings that favor the consumption of drinks.

Consequences of binge drinking

The binge drinking or binge drinking can be very dangerous in the short and long term, both for the person and for those around him. Let’s see its consequences.

short-term effects

Drinking this way, in addition to feeling dizzy and vomiting, the person may also suffer fainting. And the next day, of course, she will have all the symptoms of a hangover, but much stronger.

Assaults and criminal conduct

Alcohol disinhibits us. If consumption is excessive, we can easily “lose our minds”, incurring in risky behaviors. For example, exhibitionism, unprotected sex or with unknown people. They also increase the chances of assaulting someone, committing crimes and abuse.

Increased risk of accidents

Under the influence of alcohol we lose coordination; our limbs do not respond or obey the brain. A) Yes, there is an increased risk of trauma.

Car accidents can also be suffered or caused. According to research, the chances of dying from a traffic accident is about 13 times higher when there is a high concentration of alcohol in the blood.

Respiratory faliure

In certain cases, the person may feel nauseated. But because of the position, it will not be able to expel the contents of the stomach. Later, vomiting could block the airway, leading to cardiac arrest and brain death.

ethyl coma

When there are high levels of alcohol in the blood (above 3 grams per litre), a decrease in respiratory and cardiac capacity may occur, which triggers an ethyl coma. Then, death by suffocation could occur.

Increases the chances of addiction

Frequently incurring binge drinking is usually the definitive step to develop alcohol addiction, since the difficulty in controlling their consumption is evident. This brings other chronic consequences.

liver disorders

In the long term, frequent consumption of high doses of alcohol increases the chances of liver disease cirrhosis and fatty liver.

Heart disease

Various studies have been carried out in which it has been established that binge drinking increase the risk of developing cardiovascular disease in middle-aged people (45 years or older). This relationship is not so clear in the youngest.

The conclusion reached by the researchers is that excessive alcohol consumption not only affects the prevalence of various chronic diseases, but there is a greater chance that they will worsen if they were already present.

Executive functions

The consequences are also evident in cognitive abilities. In this regard, in an investigation with university students it was found that those who participated in binge drinking performed worse on intellectual tasks. Even, the scores were lower the younger the consumption had started.

dementia risk

In a study of 131,415 adults, a 1.2-fold increased risk of dementia was associated with people who consume alcohol in excesscompared to moderate drinkers.

Middle-aged adults may experience accelerated cognitive decline if they binge drink.

Social and affective problems

As if that were not enough, in addition to the consequences mentioned, in people who drink liquor abusively and frequently depressive disorders, anxiety, irritability and sleep disorders are common. There are also behaviors that lead them to have conflicts, discussions, fights and aggressive behavior with the people around them.

Other consequences

According to a study conducted in Spain, alcoholism is among the leading causes of disability. It also affects from the point of view of the family structure (dysfunctional family) and brings economic and labor repercussions.

alcohol is not harmless

There are various consequences of the practice of binge drinking or binge drinking. All of these effects are negative and none are positive.. Therefore, it is important to work towards educating young people about such a problem.

False beliefs must be demystified that if consumption is occasional it is not harmful. On the contrary, it can be a lot.

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