Back injuries caused by sports

The back plays a very important role during sports. However, you are also at risk of injury.

Last update: February 28, 2022

Back injuries caused by sports are quite common. Usually, all forms of physical activity tend to put stress on the spine; therefore, ailments often occur that can range from mild to severe. Hence the importance of strengthening muscles and joints.

The above added to the fact that the back is essential to have a good posture and maintain balance when executing the exercises. But, what are those frequent injuries that afflict this part of the body during sports practice? Next, we detail them.

The most common back injuries according to sport

Playing sports is healthy to maintain fitness and well-being in general. However, it also carries some risks. Sometimes poor posture, excessive physical demands, or lack of muscle strength leads to the appearance of tears or strains.

A study on the prevalence of back pain in sports determined that the lower back was the location most affected by injuries in athletes. The disciplines in which they tend to appear more regularly are the following.


Swimming is an excellent sport to strengthen the muscles of the entire body. However, it is not exempt from causing injuries. Although the risk is low, It is estimated that 20% of swimming injuries affect the back area.

Many times, they are produced by some previous pathology. For example, multiple champion Michael Phelps had to overcome scoliosis to continue competing. In any case, there are preventive measures that reduce the risk.

In this regard, a study determined that when injuries to the shoulder, back and knee become chronic, can affect performance despite continuous cross training.

But by identifying swimming risk factors and illnesses, a doctor can help implement strategies so the athlete’s health isn’t compromised.

Back injuries during swimming practice decrease performance considerably.

sailing sports

in sailing sports sailing postures, twisting and lateral movements can lead to injury. The most common are muscle strain and hyperextension of the ligaments.

There is also a high risk of hyperlordosis, which is when there is a pronounced inward curvature of the spine in the lower back area.


Playing tennis can affect the lower back and lead to spinal injuries. Each match requires dynamic and constant movement.

As in golf, twisting movements put more stress on your back. Thus, situations such as repetitive turns and two-handed blows tend to generate damage to the lower back.


In the sport of the orange ball, the most frequent injuries occur in the ankles. However, being a activity of rapid movements, changes of rhythm, jumps, turns and frictionthere is also a demand on the posterior muscles.

This can cause strain on the lower back. In fact, these problems are common in other team sports, such as soccer, hockeyamong others.


Although it seems harmless, since it is a low-impact sport, excessive golf training or improper hitting technique can be the trigger for injuries. Of this, one of the most common are those that compromise the disks.

The movement of swing or rocking implies a rotation of the body that generates tension in the back. Muscle strains and sprains in the lower back also occur frequently.

Another issue that must be taken into account is the transport of the sticks. If it is not done correctly, they tend to cause shoulder and back ailments. For this reason, many golfers choose to have a caddy.


In the case of cycling, the most common posture when pedaling generates a forward flexion of the spine, while arching the upper part of the back. Consequently, an overload of the muscles of the back and neck can be generated.

Now, it is also important to adjust the elements of the bicycle well; For example, if the handlebars are too high, it can overload the lower back.

Weight lifting

In this case, the back plays a prominent role, since when lifting loads, tension is generated. Due to this, tears and overloads that cause pain tend to occur.

To prevent these situations, It is essential that beginning athletes be guided by a professional coach. This will indicate how to do the techniques correctly and what is the indicated load weight depending on the case.

Poor posture when lifting weights in the gym can lead to lower back injuries.

What to remember about back injuries caused by sports?

In almost any sport there is a risk of back injury. However, the adoption of an adequate technique helps to reduce the risk. In this sense, it is essential to rely on a professional trainer who can correct postures and techniques, and who also adapts the exercises to the current physical state.

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