Atopic dermatitis in the baby, basic care

Atopic dermatitis in the baby is one of the most frequent skin affectations that can appear in the first months of life. Being a chronic disease, his main care will be the prevention and the relief of the symptomatology what's with her

The early detection of this dermatological affectation will favor the behaviors of the family members to reduce the symptoms and discomfort that it generates.

What is atopic dermatitis in the baby?

Among the different stages through which the children pass, are the infant phase, the infantile or school phase and adolescence. In medicine, the baby is named with the concept of infant to differentiate it from other stages.

Atopic dermatitis in the baby usually starts between the third and fifth month of life. In this stage, these skin lesions are more frequent. They usually appear in outbreaks of about six weeks, although they can also be continuous.

It is a cutaneous inflammatory disease that presents dryness in the skin as one of the most significant signs in babies. This picture usually accompanies itching or intense itching.

It is usually active until two years, date on which, or perpetuates in time, or disappears. It is a childhood disease and has a hereditary component. For this reason, family history is a factor to be taken into account.

Read also: The 5 tips of common irritations in the baby

When to consult with the pediatrician

Atopic dermatitis in the baby does not have specific characteristics. It varies according to each individual. Because, It is very difficult to differentiate it from other dermatitis. Only your pediatrician can diagnose atopic dermatitis after assessing the signs and symptoms of the baby.

It is advisable to consult with the pediatrician if any of the following manifestations are observed in the infant:

  • Nonspecific skin lesions, especially in the facial region and in the flexure area.
  • Course of lesions in outbreaks or maintained in time.
  • Frequent crying of the infant, which may be associated with itching in the affected areas.

How atopic dermatitis makes its debut in the baby

Atopic dermatitis in the baby can appear in different ways. The most common are those that we will expose in this article.

The lesions usually present on the cheeks, forehead, ears and scalp. From the facial region, it can later spread to the rest of the body. They are usually eczemas that show a lot of itching and, sometimes, a certain degree of exudation.

Atopic dermatitis in the baby may appear accompanied by sensitization to the egg white protein. For this reason, diagnosed infants should be tested for sensitization to this food.

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Care to prevent atopic dermatitis in the baby

For the care of atopic dermatitis in the baby, a good health education for family members on specific care:

  • Wash baby clothes with mild detergents and avoid softener.
  • Avoid heat, especially the hot air. To do this you must eliminate woolen fabrics, plastics and some fibers that favor the appearance of sweat and, therefore, the presence of injuries. For this reason, cotton clothing should be used.
  • Humidifiers for environmental dryness in regions where humidity levels are low.
  • Perform Baby hygiene with short baths or showers, no more than 2-3 times a week, as excess water and exposure to gels favor the appearance of lesions. It is recommended to use acid pH or oatmeal gel.
  • Apply emollient creams several times a day performing a gentle massage for proper penetration into the skin.

Pharmacological treatment

There are situations in which the signs or symptoms that form atopic dermatitis in the baby require pharmacological treatments and monitoring by the doctor to avoid complications:

  • When there are outbreaks, it is necessary to go to the pediatrician to determine the topical anti-inflammatory treatment regimen . In addition, emollient creams that are used in the prevention phase should be eliminated.
  • Avoid the appearance of skin infections. They usually appear because of the scratching generated after the appearance of itching. It is necessary to maintain an adequate hygiene. Upon suspicion, the pediatrician may recommend the application of topical or systemic antibiotics.
  • One of the most drugs Prescribed by pediatricians in this disease are topical corticosteroids. Do not be afraid to apply this treatment correctly, since it provides great benefits for the baby who has these affectations.