Asthenia of circulatory origin, what is it?

Asthenia is the medical term used for fatigue. It comes from the Greek, where to it means without, Y sthenos it means force. It is characterized by a generalized weakness and prolonged organism. What differentiates it from normal fatigue is that asthenia does not occur after an effort and does not disappear with rest.

It is characterized by a feeling of lack of energy and motivation, of exhaustion or fatigue. Asthenia can cause memory loss, or a decrease in concentration.

It is important to note that it's not synonymous with drowsiness. Drowsiness and apathy can be a result of fatigue after an effort or lack of rest. When fatigue is not relieved by sleeping well, and with little stress, it should be medically valued.

Types of asthenia

In 50% of cases of asthenia, there is no true muscle weakness. That is, it is a symptom perceived by the individual. So, half of the cases are of psychic origin. It is usually caused by underlying depression, anxiety or a state of chronic stress. However, the symptoms are very real. They can make the life of the person very difficult.

Anyone who suffers from asthenia will have to work harder to follow their routine. Work, studies, household chores, etc., are complicated. In the end, the motivation decreases in a considerable way.

When the asthenia is organic, it can be the symptom of many pathologies. Its causes can be, among other:

  • Cardiovascular causes: we will focus on them.
  • Infections: any infection, such as hepatitis or tuberculosis, can cause it.
  • Neurological causes: such as Parkinson's disease or myopathies.
  • Cancer: Both malignant tumors and their treatment (chemotherapy and radiotherapy) can cause asthenia.
  • Endocrine or metabolic problems: hypothyroidism, diabetes, malnutrition, et cetera.
  • Hematologic causes: Asthenia is common in people with anemia or leukemia.

In the same way, can be caused by the ingestion of toxins. The consumption of alcohol, and even some medications, usually cause asthenia.

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Cardiovascular asthenia

The asthenia It is frequent in patients with heart failure. In heart failure, the heart does not pump blood in sufficient amounts. Therefore, the muscles do not get all the energy that would be desirable.

These people have difficulty making efforts. It can even be a simple task, like walking. In these cases, a burning sensation is experienced. The affected party stops being able to contract. Further, Asthenia can also result from high blood pressure. Also of some cerebrovascular disorder.

In the case of heart failure, It is important that the patient remains active. To do this, although it is complicated, you must perform physical exercise. It is recommended to walk, swim, and even ride a bicycle. If the symptoms are accentuated during the exercise, it can be stopped. However, once recovered, the person must continue with the activity.

In fact, there are currently Cardiac Rehabilitation Units. They allow patients with heart failure to progressively make greater efforts. In this way, it seeks to maintain the physical shape and health of the patient.

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Neurocirculatory asthenia

It is a specific type of asthenia. Is a psychosomatic disorder in which cardiovascular symptoms predominate. It usually appears in women and people under stress. There is an imbalance of the autonomic nervous system. Therefore, palpitations, tachycardia, dyspnea and vertigo may appear. Precordial pain can also occur.

When the asthenia is neurocirculatory, the origin is psychogenic. Therefore, although the symptoms are cardiovascular predominantly, heart diseases do not develop. When the stress or anxiety disappears, the symptoms decrease.


To diagnose asthenia, the most important thing is to perform a proper medical history. The doctor should know what are the symptoms and when they occur exactly.

First, The ideal is to do a blood and urine test. They can also help imaging techniques such as MRI or ultrasound. In the same way, electrocardiograms are widely used. All of these tests will help find the underlying cause, if it exists.

In conclusion

If you feel tired and weak continuously you should go to the doctor. It could be a symptom of a pathology that you do not know. The doctor will help you rule out the possible causes and establish a treatment that will help you, if possible.