Air pollution costs 8 billion dollars a day in the world

The overall cost of air pollution caused by fossil fuels is 8 billion dollars per day, or approximately 3.3% of world economic production.

The data comes from a report by the Center for Research on Energy and Clean Air (CREA) and Greenpeace Southeast Asia. It is the first to assess the overall cost of air pollution specifically for burning oil, gas and coal.

"We discovered that mainland China, the United States and India bear the highest costs of fossil fuel air pollution worldwide, approximately 900 billion, 600 billion and 150 billion per year, respectively"says the report.

The particles thrown by the use of fossil fuels represent 4 and a half million premature deaths every year worldwide, including 1.8 million in China and one million in India, the researchers found.

The new figure is in line with the estimates of the World Health Organization (WHO), according to which there are 4.2 million deaths every year, related to air pollution at ground level.

Deaths are usually caused by heart disease, stroke, lung cancer and acute respiratory infections in children.

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Some research indicates that living in areas with high levels of air pollution such as New Delhi, India, is how to smoke 10 cigarettes a day.

Air pollution is a public health problem and represents a huge cost for the world's economies. More specifically, it cost 2.9 billion dollars in 2018, according to the report.

The study also indicates that, by transitioning to renewable energy sources, gradually eliminating diesel and gasoline cars, and building public transport, countries can overcome the problem.

The report explains the global burden of air pollution by fossil fuels, measured in economic costs and premature deaths, according to the type of pollutant and by country.

With> more than two billion dollars per year in damages, measured in health impacts, work days lost and years lost due to premature death.

Each year, 500,000 people die from nitrogen dioxide, one million from ozone and three million from PM 2.5 particles. Some 40,000 children die annually before 5 years due to PM 2.5, which also leads to two million premature births annually and 4 million cases of asthma.

PM 2.5 particles penetrate deep into the lungs and enter the bloodstream, causing cardiovascular respiratory problems. In addition, it is a carcinogen. Among the countries that receive the greatest economic impact each year are China (900 billion), United States (610 billion), India (150 billion), Germany (140 billion), Japan (130 billion), Russia (68 billion) and Great Britain (66 billion).

Air pollution is the cause of social unrest in some parts of the world, which leads some experts to speculate that it could lead to a faster reduction in the use of fossil fuels.

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