Acne in the baby: causes and treatments

Acne in the baby is acne that occurs in the skin of a newborn. It can occur anywhere else on the face, but usually appears on the cheeks, nose and forehead. In addition, it is a frequent and temporary problem.

There are not many measures you can take to prevent it. In most cases usually resolves on its own. However, if it occurs between six months and two years, we must intervene to prevent its appearance in adolescence.

Often, the diagnosis of this skin involvement is made with the naked eye; because, do not it is usually necessary to resort to specific analyzes. Do you want to know more about this condition? Keep reading the information that we give you below.

What can cause acne in the baby?

Acne in the baby usually appears soon after birth. In most cases it disappears without the need to use treatments.

It is not an allergic reaction, nor the consequence of an effort that the child has made during childbirth. Nor is it due to an eruption due to poor digestion. They are signs of acne that appears in 2-5% of newborns.

This alteration of the epidermis is favored by the production of sebum which, in the months after birth is very high, as in adolescence.

Nowadays, it can not be shown that the mother's diet influences the development of acne in the baby. Only on some occasions, after having eliminated and after reintroducing the milk and its proteins in the mother's diet, it is possible to demonstrate an authentic milk allergy.

If you are interested, you can also read: Difference between allergy and food intolerance

What is known is that the male sex hormones of children, and in smaller numbers, in girls, they play an important role in their appearance. If the baby produces a lot of these hormones, or if the mother transmits them in high amounts, stimulate the secretion of sebum responsible for the appearance of acne.

In addition, for this alteration in the skin of the newborn to manifest, it is necessary that he is genetically predisposed to suffer this disorder. Children born with sebaceous follicles narrower than normal, have a greater difficulty in the final part of them for the sebum to leave, especially if it occurs in large quantities.

Symptoms of acne in the baby

Acne in the baby, usually, is characterized by the appearance of small red or white bumps on the cheeks, nose or forehead. It usually appears in the first two or four weeks after birth. Some babies also have small white bumps on their nose, chin or cheeks. This condition is known as "milia".


To treat acne in the baby you can use creams with retinoids that are applied for several months. Likewise, it is advisable to improve the environment of the child's room.

As acne in the baby usually heals itself after several months, usually, does not usually need any medical treatment. However, if the problem persists for longer, if treatment is usually recommended.

Before starting any treatment, a good recommendation is to ventilate the child's room often. A too warm and humid environment could favor the growth and spread of bacteria.

You may also be interested in reading: Learn these easy tricks to purify the air and free it from bacteria

As we have said, if between 6 and 12 months has not disappeared, treatment is administered. Further, It is usually a sign of his reappearance in adolescence. They usually use creams with retinoids that are applied for several months. These creams owe their effectiveness to the ability to:

  • Release acne from sebum.
  • Decreases inflammation
  • Controls the growth of Propionibacterium acnes: is a bacterium that feeds on sebum and is found on the skin affected by acne.

As a last tip, if the acne pimples have a yellow dot in the center, it is usually advisable to apply an ointment containing erythromycin. The reason for this is that there may be a bacterial infection and erythromycin is an antibiotic that improves the situation.