One in five adults suffers from high blood pressure, a disorder that causes 9.4 million deaths worldwide each year, according to the World Health Organization (WHO). The first step to avoid it is correct feeding.
Therefore, in this article we tell you what foods you should avoid if you suffer from hypertension. Keep in mind that, apart from the diet, quitting smoking, exercising regularly, avoiding alcohol and taking less salt would be essential changes.
What is high blood pressure and what causes it?
The high blood pressure or hypertension it's no joke, aunque is a disease that, in general, does not manifest itself clearly. In fact, this means that many of those who suffer from it do not do everything they should.
Further, It is one of the most common diseases that exist among the adult population, affecting around 33% of the population. When hypertension is suffered, It is essential to have a special diet to keep it under control and that our organism works correctly.
Aging or the genetic factor are some of the non-modifiable causes that increase the risk of the tension rising. There are, however, another set of factors that can lead to the rise in tension as a inadequate nutrition, overweight or lack of physical activity.
Read also: Why keeping blood pressure low prevents heart failure?
Prohibited foods if you have high blood pressure problems
1. Reduce the consumption of salt
Try and substitute salt for spices and condiments to flavor your meals. In this way, you will reduce the increase in blood sodium.
The first thing if you have high blood pressure is not to put salt in the food or reduce it, because now sodium has become your worst enemy. At most you can take 1000 mg of sodium per day, which would be equivalent to 2 g of common salt. Keep in mind that sodium is also present in the composition of many foods.
2. Avoid processed foods in blood pressure problems
Must avoid all kinds of processed food, whether packaged or canned. Since, even those that indicate that they are low in salt, may remain a source of sodium that may be part of other salts as preservatives, such as sodium benzoate, or as flavoring, such as monosodium glutamate.
3. Limit caffeine consumption
The caffeine present in coffee, soft drinks and some teas can help raise blood pressure.
A simple cup of coffee can increase blood pressure. Therefore, your daily consumption can contribute to hypertension. In fact, all drinks that include caffeine can cause an increase in blood pressure, being the soft drink or caffeine infusions the most common.
4. Dairy products
Dairy products are a good source of minerals such as calcium and magnesium. But they are also rich in saturated fat, which has a tendency to cause high pressure. If you are a dairy lover, be sure to consume milk, yogurt and cheeses without or low in fat.
5. Avoid industrial condiments
Many industrial sauces and condiments include components rich in salt, so try to avoid them and use aromas or spices.
Such as chicken broth, mustard, ketchup sauce or Worcestershire sauce, among others, have high amounts of sodium, which put them in the first places of prohibited foods for people with high blood pressure. There is nothing better than use spices and seasonings such as basil, parsley, lemon, etc.
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6. Limit the consumption of fat
The chicken or crispy chips are a temptation that can cost you dearly. Fried food is high in fat, which can contribute to overweight and high blood pressure. It is best to consume baked or grilled chicken and baked or boiled potatoes.
Keep in mind that saturated fats, especially fats trans, they are bad for the heart and blood vessels. This is because the circulatory system is under a lot of stress due to high blood pressure and, an extra strain, can be devastating.
Finally, remember that specialists recommend both the hypertensive, and anyone who wants to prevent any problem related to stress, the practice of a healthy way of life as the best way to prevent future blood pressure problems.