6 essential oils that help fight dandruff

Some essential oils have antifungal properties that help treat dandruff. We tell you which are the most effective and how to use them.

Last update: 14 March, 2022

The application of some essential oils on the hair can help treat problems such as dandruff. Although this condition is relatively harmless, it is often causes bothersome symptoms such as itching, irritation and flaking. Because of this, those who suffer from it prefer to seek treatment.

Of course, today there is a wide range of products that allow you to control this condition and its respective discomforts. From shampoos and medicines to products of natural origin, such as oils. Are you interested in knowing more about it?

Dandruff: what is it and what are its main symptoms

As stated in a review article published in International Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences and Researchdandruff is a condition that is prevalent in up to 50% of the human population.

Specifically, it is a peeling that takes place on the scalp and whose main cause is usually the presence of the fungus Malassezia furfur. The main symptoms of it include the following:

  • yellow or white scales (which can be seen in the hair and even on the shoulders).
  • Excessive itching of the scalp.
  • Irritation and redness.

Now, in addition to the aforementioned microorganism, this condition can be derived from excessive dryness of the skin, poor hygiene or skin diseases such as dermatitis. Fortunately, there are many treatments available right now that help control it. In this case, we reveal the most effective essential oils.



Essential oils to fight dandruff

The effectiveness of essential oils to combat dandruff has been the subject of study. In this way, a review shared in International Journal of Cosmetic Science found that varieties such as bergamot oil, garlic oil, tea tree oil, and thyme oil can help relieve dandruff.

Likewise, other studies have found interesting effects in varieties such as peppermint oil or citronella oil. Let’s see in detail what its properties are and how they can be applied.

1. Bergamot oil

Bergamot essential oil (Citrus bergamia) It is characterized by its content of bioactive molecules that contribute to a good state of health. According to a study published in Frontiers in PharmacologyIt has antimicrobial, antifungal and anti-inflammatory properties.

For the above, Its application in dermatological problems such as dandruff is beneficial. Regular use decreases flaking and promotes relief of irritation.

How to use? Simple! Incorporate 5 drops of bergamot essential oil in a tablespoon of shampoo. Then apply it to damp hair with gentle massages and rinse.

Bergamot oil might relieve dandruff symptoms because it is an antifungal.

2. Garlic essential oil

In traditional medicine, the essential oil of garlic (Allium sativum L.) It has been considered an anti-dandruff agent. According to an investigation in Phytotherapythe compounds of this ingredient have shown the ability to inhibit fungal growth Malassezia.

In this case, just apply a few drops of garlic essential oil on the scalp. The ideal is to combine it with a carrier oil, such as olive or almond oil. After 10 minutes you can rinse.

3. Tea tree essential oil

Undoubtedly, one of the most used essential oils to combat dandruff is tea tree. An investigation published in Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology determined that this ingredient has antifungal properties that fight yeast Pityrosporum ovale (Malassezia).

On the other hand, through Clinical Microbiology Reviews a shampoo with 5% tea tree essential oil was reported to reduce itching, oiliness, and dandruff-related lesions.

Thus, the product can be applied combined with the regular use shampoo, or through shampoos formulated with this oil. Even, some mix 5 or 6 drops with a carrier oil and they rub it by means of massages.

4. Thyme essential oil

For years, thyme essential oil has been used in complementary medicine as an antimicrobial agent. This, added to its anti-inflammatory action, helps in the treatment of dandruff symptoms.

Its use is similar to that of other essential oils. Simply mix it with a carrier oil to massage your dandruff-prone scalp. If you prefer, you can add a few drops to your regular shampoo.

5. Peppermint essential oil

One of the favorite oils to combat dandruff is peppermint oil. The reason? Refreshes the scalp and helps soothe itching and irritation. In addition, due to its astringent effect, it reduces excess sebum and flaking.

To use it as a remedy, combine 5 to 6 drops of the essential oil with your regular shampoo. Then use it as usual. Repeat your application until you notice an improvement.

Peppermint is refreshing to the scalp, so it can help relieve itchiness.

6. Citronella oil

A shampoo formulated with citronella oil favors the control of the growth of the fungus Malassezia furfur. This was determined by a study shared through Southeast Asian Journal of Tropical Medicine and Public Healthwhich also suggests its use as an anti-dandruff treatment.

Recommendations for the use of essential oils against dandruff

More studies are required to confirm the effectiveness of essential oils in treating dandruff. Despite this, they are considered a safe option to combat this skin condition.

However, it is advisable to do a sensitivity test beforehand. To do this, a small amount of the product is applied to a circumscribed area of ​​the skin. If after 12 hours there are no signs of irritation, the rest can be applied without problems.

Of course, consult a dermatologist before choosing these oils as a therapeutic option against dandruff. The professional can determine if they should be complemented with other traditional treatments, such as medicated shampoos.



What to remember about these dandruff remedies?

The use of some essential oils can be positive when it comes to fighting dandruff. Due to their antifungal and antimicrobial action, they help stop the growth of the fungus associated with this disease. In fact, they serve to calm discomfort such as itching and irritation.

In any case, it is advisable to consult with the dermatologist to evaluate the severity of this condition and determine if other treatments are necessary. Although not usually serious, dandruff is uncomfortable and can lead to self-esteem issues. Fortunately, there are many options to control it.

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