Having a flowery orchard or garden in optimal conditions requires dedication. Therefore, we bring you 5 tips to eliminate weeds in the garden.
Gardens and orchards have become a fundamental part of urban sustainability, as they allow a greening of cities with a positive environmental impact. In addition, having plants in the home offers multiple benefits, such as air purification, the ability to harvest food, and reduced stress.
What are weeds?
Weeds are plants that grow in unwanted places, interfering with the correct development of other plant species. They tend to steal sunlight, soil nutrients, and water from other plants.
They are characterized by their rapid reproduction and are generally invasive. According to the book "Weed Management for Developing Countries" of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), these types of plants serve as habitats for different insects and pests and are a serious problem for harvesters.
Continue reading: How to make an urban garden in a small space
Natural methods to avoid and eliminate weeds
In the market there is a varied offer of chemical herbicides to kill weeds that are usually used in large plantations and under strict control. However, if you are at home, you may prefer more natural, inexpensive, easy-to-implement options that protect the health of your family and pets.
Likewise, it is important to have methods that do not alter the physicochemical conditions of the soil. Here are 5 tips to eliminate weeds in the garden with natural methods.
1. Carry out a manual weed of weeds
This process consists of the manual extraction of the herbs that invade the orchard or garden. Although it is one of the most traditional and simple procedures, it requires time and dedication.
To do this, it is possible to use tools such as a hoe or a weeder that allow us to pull out the weed by the roots. It is important that once you finish with the weeding, you clean your gardening tools very well so that no seeds are left in them.
2. Apply corn gluten meal to the area where you removed the weeds
Corn gluten flour is a powder that remains after grain treatments for the manufacture of syrups or starches. Due to its high nitrogen content, it works as a fertilizer, especially in lawns, which prevents weeds from growing underground.
Therefore, it is appropriate to apply it after the weeds have been pulled. Then you wait a couple of weeks for it to act in the soil before sowing again.
3. Put boiling salted water on weeds
This is a very popular household herbicide because it is so easy to make. However, special care must be taken when using it.
First, You must be very precise with the application, as it is necessary that it only be watered on the weeds. Otherwise, it will also kill the growth of the other plants.
4. Use a mixture of vinegar with dish soap
This is one of the most powerful household herbicides, especially if the weeds are young and do not have much root. To apply it you should fill a sprayer or sprayer with vinegar and add a jet of dish soap.
Stir well and spray the leaves and weed base. Repeat this procedure for several days and you will soon see the weeds wither away.
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5. Apply pure salt in those areas where you do not want weeds to grow
You may have places in your garden where you don't want weeds or plants to grow, like gaps between tiles or cracks in bricks. For it you must put salt in these places and renew it every time it disappears. This will ensure that nothing grows there.
It is better to remove weeds at the beginning
It is easier to eradicate weeds when they are young because they have not yet blossomed and spread their seeds. Therefore, it is important that you constantly monitor your garden to identify them in the early stages of their appearance.
According to Weed Science Society of America, It is essential to buy certified seeds that guarantee a clean and weed-free plant material. In addition, the importance of planting species suitable for the conditions and climates in which they will be found is pointed out, as this will make them stronger and better able to resist a possible appearance of weeds.