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5 tips that help prevent prostate cancer
February 7, 2021
Preventing prostate cancer is key because it represents one of the most common cancer types today. It is a serious pathology, the appearance of which depends on many factors. It usually occurs in men over 65 years of age.
The truth is that the exact cause of why it occurs is not yet known. However, it is known that there are certain behaviors and habits that promote it. Although its prevention is not always possible, there are ways to minimize the risk of suffering from it. In this article we explain 5 tips that help prevent prostate cancer.
What is prostate cancer?
The prostate is an organ that is part of the male reproductive system. It is not present in women. As explained by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, it is about the size of a walnut and sits below the bladder, just in front of the rectum.
The prostate surrounds a portion of the urethra. Its main function is to produce seminal fluid. This fluid is part of the semen and helps transport the sperm that come from the testicles and are expelled during ejaculation.
Prostate cancer is a common type of neoplasm. In fact, according to the Spanish Association against Cancer, it is the second most common among men. So much so, that in Spain some 31,000 new cases were detected in 2018 and around 6,000 men died from this pathology.
Like any other cancer, it consists in that the cells are altered. That is why they proliferate uncontrollably and invade the surrounding tissues, damaging them. In addition, it can metastasize.
It is important to highlight the difference between prostate cancer and benign hyperplasia. The latter is a common pathology associated with age in which the organ increases in size. However, cells do not have carcinogenic traits.
Risk factors for suffering from the disease
Although the exact cause of why prostate cancer occurs is not known, a number of factors that increase risk have been identified. According to the specialists of Prostate Cancer Foundation, one of the most relevant is age.
Most cases are detected from 65-69 years. Also, as you age, the incidence increases dramatically. However, that does not mean that young people cannot suffer it.
On the other hand, having a family history is another of the most notable risk factors. In fact, in these cases it usually appears early, before the age of 60.
Race is also decisive. African American men have a much higher incidence from prostate cancer. Unfortunately, they are also at higher risk of dying from it.
It has been seen that the place of residence also influences. For example, there are certain countries where the risk increases, such as the United States. This seems to be associated with habits and characteristics of the area, as well as exposure to sunlight or diet.
Tips for Preventing Prostate Cancer and Lowering Your Risk
As we have just seen, there are a number of factors that increase risk and are not modifiable. A man cannot change his age, race or genetics. Therefore, there is no definitive way to prevent prostate cancer.
However, numerous research shows that there are measures that could help reduce the risk of suffering from it. In the following sections we explain what they are.
1. Watch your diet
According to the specialists from the Mayo Clinic, diet is one of the aspects to take into account when preventing this cancer. Seems to have a low-fat diet may lower your risk.
An article published in Redacción Médica explained that dairy products were also associated with prostate cancer. Men who eat a lot a day (such as cheese, milk, or yogurt) are at higher risk for it.
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2. Maintain a healthy weight to prevent prostate cancer
Weight is another aspect that seems to influence the development of prostate cancer. Obesity and being overweight increase the risk. That is, having a body mass index greater than 30.
Weight is, in turn, closely related to diet and exercise. That is why it is recommended that, in cases where there is obesity, you try to lose weight by taking care of your diet and avoiding a sedentary lifestyle.
Different studies, such as one published by ICUA Urology Advanced, explain that exercising regularly is one of the ways to prevent this cancer. Not only that, but it also produces many other benefits, such as improving blood pressure and cholesterol levels.
In addition, as we have just pointed out, it is one of the fundamental aspects to lose weight. That is why it is recommended to do physical exercise at least three times a week with a moderate intensity. Try to adapt physical activity to the conditions of each person.
4. Sexual activity to prevent prostate cancer
Another way to reduce prostate cancer is sexual activity. The organ, as we have seen, is part of the male genital tract. In fact, it is responsible for producing part of the semen.
Therefore, having sex frequently helps stimulate it. It can help prevent cancerous lesions by reducing the accumulation of substances inside. However, it is essential that it is always safe and healthy sex.
5. Avoid medications and drugs
Drugs and drugs are chemicals that tend to produce harmful effects in the body. Many of them accumulate and can cause reactions in the tissues that, over time, end up damaging them.
When to see the doctor?
Currently, in most of the countries prostate cancer is very present and screening tests are carried out to be able to diagnose it in time. That is why it is essential that any man go to the doctor with some frequency.
Especially if there is a family history of this pathology. Also if symptoms appear, such as discomfort when urinating, interrupted urination stream or bleeding. Special care must be taken with those over 60 years old.
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Remember that prostate cancer is very common
As we have seen, prostate cancer is the second most common cancer type in men. While it is true that there is no definitive way to prevent it, there are many simple measures that can help reduce your risk.
The most important thing is to try to lead a healthy lifestyle. Diet, exercise and weight are fundamental aspects that must be taken care of. In addition, it is essential to see a doctor regularly, especially if you have risk factors.
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