5 health problems that can make your tongue swell

The language It is one of the most important organs we have, as it allows us to talk, chew and swallow food. Therefore, when impediments appear to perform these actions, it is normal for some anxiety or fear to appear.

It is possible that at some point you may notice that you have a swollen tongue, perhaps while brushing your teeth or maybe because you have difficulty eating, talking or swallowing. In the face of inflammation, the taste buds, those little bumps on the tongue, may disappear. By dispensing with this kind of sensors, the ability to speak and everything related to food is affected.

But there are other problems that may be associated with swollen tongue, such as thyroid dysfunction, lack of vitamins or allergic reactions, among others.

Remember that if you also feel tightness in the throat, shortness of breath, fever or dizziness, it is best to see a specialist as soon as possible.

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Allergy signs

Allergic reactions are caused by a reaction of the immune system to, for example, fruits, nuts, milk, shellfish, or even insect bites. When they happen, histamine is released and blood vessels narrow. If it causes swelling of the tongue, lips or face, it is known as angiodema.

Occasionally, it can also be a side effect of certain medications, including anti-inflammatories such as aspirin or ibuprofen. In such cases, treatment should be sought immediately.

Lack of vitamins

It is possible that the lack of vitamin B12 causes the swollen tongue, as well as tingling in the hands and feet or fatigue. It is relatively easy to combat this problem, but you should consult a specialist to tell you if you need supplements.


Stomach acid that travels to the throat is known as reflux, and can irritate the tongue. When this happens, you may notice an acid or bitter taste in your mouth, burning in your throat or the feeling of a lump. To combat it, the ideal is to stay away from spicy foods and acidic drinks and drink small portions.

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Accidental bites, broken teeth that have an affiliated edge, dentures or even hot or spicy foods can cause irritation or swelling of the tongue. If you notice the swollen tongue, stay away from spicy condiments such as curry or other sour foods.


When thyroid hormone levels are low, symptoms range from fatigue to weight gain, cold intolerance, constipation or swelling of the tongue. Fortunately, hypothyroidism can be diagnosed with a blood test. If confirmed, it is treated by taking prescription medications.

Tongue cancer

Do not be alarmed, but you should know that tongue cancer begins superficially, creating a canker sore or small ulcer in that area. It is usually more common in people who smoke, drink or are infected with HPV.

The good thing is that, if it is diagnosed in time, it has a cure. That is why it is so important to seek medical attention if you have persistent pain in the mouth or that ulcer that does not seem to disappear. A biopsy can determine if it is cancerous for immediate medical treatment.

Important: It should be clarified that Bioguia does not give medical advice or prescribe the use of techniques as a form of treatment for physical or mental problems without the advice of a doctor, directly or indirectly. In the case of applying for this purpose some information on this site, Bioguia does not assume responsibility for those acts. The intention of the site is only to offer information of a general nature to help in the search for development and personal growth.


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