5 guidelines to take care of the skin and avoid sunburn

Do you know what guidelines to follow to avoid sunburn? On many occasions, the rush to get a tanned skin, or the fact of not taking preventive measures before exposing yourself to the sun, It leads to suffer burns.

The damage caused by sunburn consists of an excess of oxidation that leads to the death of keratinocytes. The people most likely to suffer sunburn are those who have a clear phototype, ie skin, eyes and light hair.

The areas most affected by sunburn are the scalp in people who do not have hair, ears and cleavage, whose skin is thinner. Then, we give you 5 guidelines to avoid sunburn.

1. Topical photoprotection to avoid sunburn

Topical sunscreens are ideal to reduce the risk of sunburn. It is essential to use them every day, especially when the days are very hot.

Topical cosmetic products they protect us from the short-term effects of radiation, in addition to providing long-term benefits. In this way you can avoid sunburn.

They contain solar filters that must comply with the required requirements of safety, efficiency and versatility. They must also be cosmetically pleasing, not stain and allow their formulation in different forms of application.

2. Oral photoprotection

Combining a topical photoprotection with an oral photoprotection will be the best option to avoid sunburn. It has the advantage of protecting the entire skin supplying the losses that rubbing, sweating and forgetting the reapplication of the product can cause topically.

In most of these nutritional supplements it is common to find substances such as: beta-carotenes, Polypodium leucotomos, vitamin C and vitamin E, polyphenols and fatty acids. It is important to remember that treatment should be started at least 15 days before sun exposure.

You may also be interested: 5 questions and answers for a healthy tan

3. Sun protection barriers to avoid sunburn

Some clothes and accessories can serve as a barrier against the sun's rays. Its use is advised when exposed to the outdoors.

It is important to remember the following recommendations as protective barriers of the sun:

  • Avoid exposure to the sun during the hours of intense radiation: between 12 and 16 h
  • Take an umbrella to the beach or pool, and use hats or hats if you are going to carry out activities and outdoor sports.
  • Protective clothes: It has been shown that wearing protective clothing when receiving sun baths can reduce the number of acquired melanocytic nevi. There is a UV protection factor for fabrics called FPU, which varies depending on the type of fabric, fiber moisture and color, among others.
  • Uses approved sunglasses: not only protects our eyes, but also the periocular area of ​​the effects of UV radiation. It is recommended that glasses block 99% of UVA and UVB radiation.
  • Stay in the shade or under the trees: thus you will also reduce the impact of direct radiation. Although we must take into account the indirect radiation of sea water, sand or snow.

4. Hydration and feeding

Water in the skin plays a specific role, since maintains its structure and barrier function, ensures elasticity and preserves cell differentiation.

During solar exposure we lose water, and therefore it is necessary to ingest it on a regular basis and, after the exposure, provide topical moisturizing active ingredients to recover the water tone of the skin.

Perform a balanced diet, rich in essential fatty acids, which restore the skin barrier and have an anti-inflammatory effect, in antioxidants, which neutralize the effect of free radicals. Further, drinks based on natural juices and green tea will help maintain a healthy tan.

Read also: How to prepare a healthy green tea ice cream?

5. Uses aftersun

The products aftersun They contain substances that help fight cell damage caused by sun exposure.

You should not replace it with a moisturizer because is specifically indicated to soothe, balance, regenerate and hydrate the skin after the sun and, in addition, it helps to maintain the tan.

The aftersun It is formulated to repair cell damage caused by sun exposure. Balances, decongests, deflates and helps fight free radicals caused by solar radiation.

Thanks to its moisturizing power it is possible to avoid the dryness, the tightness and the peeling of the skin, which are so common in summer. In addition, it reduces redness, relieves burns and refreshes the skin after a day of prolonged exposure to the sun.

The aftersun prepares the skin for new solar exposures, which is why it intensifies the tan and by avoiding peeling, which you have achieved will gradually disappear


The most important thing to take care of your skin, avoid sunburn and get a nice tan, the application of solar photoresists is fundamental. In addition, follow as far as possible the recommendations that we have given you in this article. Now, enjoy the summer!