14 conditions that cause lumps in the vagina

Lumps in the vagina are usually benign. The most frequent is that they can be treated with home remedies or that they do not require any particular approach.

Last update: 30 January, 2022

Lumps in the vagina can be alarming at first. They are more common than you think and the first reaction is usually to think of cancer. Although this is not ruled out, the truth is that most of the time they are due to other reasons.

Vaginal lumps are almost always small, benign cysts. It is very common that they obey a blocked gland. It is always indicated to consult with the doctor if they do not disappear.

Some preliminary clarifications

Before dwelling on the reasons why these lumps appear in the vagina, it is convenient to make some clarifications. Usually, when using the word vagina reference is made both to this and to the vulva, which corresponds to the external genitalia.

The vagina is a muscular tube that connects to the uterus. It is covered by a mucous membrane and has some roughness on its surface called folds. These allow the expansion of the vagina during sexual intercourse and childbirth.

The vulva, meanwhile, is made up of the labia majora or outer. In the inner fold of these there are sebaceous glands. On the inside are the labia minora, which surround the opening of the vagina. There are the Skene’s and Bartholin’s glands, which produce lubricants.

Conditions that cause lumps in the vagina

Clarified the above, we will soon see the main conditions that cause lumps in the vagina and vulva. Go for it.

1. Vulvar cysts

this type of cyst They form when there is obstruction of Skene’s glands. or Bartholin’s glands. They are almost always hard and small. They do not cause pain, unless they become infected. Usually they go away on their own.

2. Vaginal cysts

These types of cysts form on the wall of the vagina.. The common thing is that they obey some type of injury or that they appear after childbirth.

They don’t get bigger than a pea. They do not need treatment unless they cause discomfort, in which case they are drained or removed.

Although lumps in the vagina can cause shyness, most of them are small and unnoticeable to the naked eye.

3. Fordyce spots

Fordyce spots, better known as fordyce grainsare tiny bumps that can appear on the vulva and other parts of the body. They are whitish, benign and non-infectious. They do not cause pain and do not require treatment.

4. Varicose veins

Another reason why lumps appear in the vagina is pelvic varicose veins. These are swollen veins around the vulva.

They look like round cords or blue bumps. Sometimes they cause itching or bleeding. They may not require treatment.

5. Ingrown hair

An ingrown pubic hair can also cause lumps in the vagina. It looks like a small round bump which sometimes causes itching and pain. It may fill with pus and the skin around it may darken. It usually resolves without treatment.

6. Warts

Genital warts are caused by the human papillomavirus (HPV). They are sexually transmitted and appear as small, skin-colored bumps. Sometimes they are similar to a cauliflower.

7. Lichen sclerosus

Lichen sclerosus is a rare condition that appears on the vulva and around the anus. May cause severe itching, white spots that turn into patches wrinkled and thin skin, bruising or bleeding, blisters, and pain when urinating or during sex. Requires treatment with creams containing corticosteroids.

8. vaginal acne

Another common reason for lumps in the vagina is vaginal acne. It presents as small, red, irritated bumps, often filled with pus. These pimples become very uncomfortablebut the indicated thing is not to extract them, but to let them disappear by themselves.

9. Folliculitis

Folliculitis is the inflammation of a hair follicle. In the genital area, it usually begins when the follicle is damaged by friction or blocked by improper shaving or hair removal.

Then a staph bacteria infection occurs and that is when lumps appear in the vagina. Antibiotics may be prescribed.

10. Blocked sweat gland

Blockage of the sweat glands can take place anywhere on the body and the vagina is no exception. It causes a condition called hidradenitis suppurativa, which causes pain and leaves hard scars. It is treated with anti-inflammatory drugs and antibiotics.

eleven. Molluscum contagiosum

This is another of the conditions in which small lumps appear in the vagina, which in this case they are pearly, firm and contagious. It is a skin problem caused by a virus of the same name.

Sometimes the bumps grow and ooze fluid. They can spread to other parts of the body. They usually go away without treatment.

12. Syphilis

Syphilis is a sexually transmitted disease which has resurfaced with greater prevalence in recent years. One of its symptoms is the appearance of small lumps in the vagina, which are painless.

They disappear after about 3 weeks, but this does not mean that the infection has been overcome. It requires treatment and is life-threatening.

The bacterium that causes syphilis is a spirochete, named for its spiral shape.

13. Skin tags

skin tags they are small flaps of skin that protrude and can be seen with the naked eye. They are not dangerous and it is not usual for them to cause discomfort. If generated, they can be removed by laser or surgery.

14. Cancer

Cases of cancer of the vulva or vagina are very rare. They are characterized by the appearance of flat and raised sores or bumps on the vulva that do not heal after a few weeks. It is common for them to cause pain, itching or burning. Also unusual discharge or bleeding. They are diagnosed by biopsy.

Prevention and treatment of lumps in the vagina

Most vaginal lumps can be treated at home without any problems. In the case of cysts, which are the most common growths, it is enough to take lukewarm baths several times a day. This helps drain them.

It is best to use cotton underwear that is not too tight. This type of textile is more breathable and helps maintain the right conditions for the genitals. Likewise, it is recommended not to wear very tight pants.

If the lumps in the vagina do not disappear after a few weeks or are accompanied by symptoms that seem strange, it is advisable to consult your doctor. Also if there is pain, secretions or bleeding.

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