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11 cosmetic dental procedures and their benefits
May 4, 2021
For many reasons, teeth can be stained, broken, worn, or misaligned. But fortunately, applying cosmetic dental procedures it is possible to transform almost anyone's mouth and achieve splendid and attractive smiles.
Modern dentistry is capable of improving appearance and image. This not only helps to have a prettier and healthier oral cavity. In addition, it increases self-esteem and patient safety.
In this article we detail the cosmetic dental procedures that are most used to achieve radiant smiles.
Cosmetic dental procedures
Today there are many dental alternatives that achieve good aesthetic results. But not all of them work the same way.
It will be the dentist who will advise the patient on the options available to improve their smile. Thus, the person will be able to choose the most convenient for his mouth, according to his needs and possibilities.
1. Teeth whitening
This procedure It is used to lighten the teeth and give them a whiter and brighter appearance. It is useful for improving the appearance of stained, stained or discolored pieces.
It consists of the application of certain chemical substances on the dental surfaces. The most widely used are hydrogen peroxide and carbamide peroxide.
The product is placed on the teeth using special splints designed for each mouth; this prevents soft tissue injury. It can be done in the office, at home under the instructions of the dentist, or by combining both methods.
For this cosmetic dental procedure it is necessary that the oral cavity is in optimal health conditions. The dentist must evaluate the state of the mouth and solve any other active pathology before starting whitening.
Although this therapy can lower the tone of the dental elements and give them a clearer appearance, it does not change the complete color. Aftercare of oral hygiene and eating habits are vital to maintain results.
Also read: How long does a teeth whitening last?
2. Cosmetic dental implants
Dental implants are one of the cosmetic procedures that are being used the most today. The thing is are able to return aesthetics and functionality to the mouth in a comfortable and stable way.
These are metal devices that are placed in the jaws with the aim of replacing missing teeth. In general, they are made of titanium.
To place them, they must be inserted through surgery inside the jawbone. Then it is necessary to wait for the material to integrate into the bone tissue. Thus they can act as an artificial root on which replacement teeth such as crowns, bridges or dentures are anchored.
As we have already mentioned, this type of rehabilitation of the mouth allows to have artificial teeth that replace the missing ones in a stable and comfortable way. Well, being fused to the bone, the structures that are placed on them do not move or shift.
Not everyone can get implants. Before placing them, the dentist must analyze the state of health of the gums and bone thickness, it has to be able to support the device. In addition, the general health of the person should be evaluated.
3. Dental veneers
Dental veneers have been one of the most widely used cosmetic dental procedures for years. It is a thin layer of porcelain or composite resin which is cemented on the front surface of the teeth. They are made to measure and in a special way for each dental element.
They are useful for covering dental defects such as stained, discolored, chipped, fractured and crooked teeth. They also serve to cover spaces between teeth.
To use them, it is necessary for the dentist to make a small amount of wear on the enamel. In addition, you must take an impression of the mouth to send a mold to the laboratory and have the veneer custom made.
In the design of these structures, the shape, size, length and color of the dental element can be changed. The veneers are cemented over the front of the teeth, achieving a different appearance from the original.
Although this procedure is capable of changing the appearance of a tooth in a very satisfactory way, it is irreversible. Well, as we already mentioned, it is necessary to wear the tooth to place them.
4. Cosmetic dental crowns
Dental crowns are caps that cover the entirety of a tooth. to restore it to its lost shape and anatomy. They are custom made in a dental laboratory. Its materials are metal, porcelain fused with metal, resin, acrylic or ceramic. Thus, aesthetics are combined with the ability to withstand chewing forces.
They are used to solve problems of teeth with very extensive cavities, broken, chipped or with large fillings. Also to cover spaces between teeth.
After treating the underlying problem of the dental element, it wears out, an impression of the mouth is taken and the crown is sent to the dental laboratory to make. It is cemented over the remaining tooth, which is completely covered, improving its shape, size, resistance and appearance.
5. Cosmetic modeling of teeth
It is a cosmetic dental procedure that the dentist performs quickly, without causing pain and giving immediate results. It is used to correct small defects, such as slightly crowded teeth or uneven teeth.
This technique consists of filing and abrading part of the enamel to improve the appearance of the teeth. As the name implies, it is about reshaping and improving the shape of natural teeth.
6. Fillings and cosmetic bonding of teeth
It consists of the restoration of stained, decayed, broken, deformed, chipped or fractured teeth with aesthetic materials. It is also an alternative to amalgam fillings. Resin-based products are used, of the same color as the tooth, which are attached to the tooth through an adhesion system.
This material has a consistency similar to putty, allowing the dentist to shape it into the desired look. Then a special light is applied that hardens it and favors its union. The dentist polishes and abrades the material to give it the final shape and finish.
With dental bonding, a damaged tooth can be repaired or improve the appearance of a tooth in a simple, economical and fast way. The downside is that the life of the material is not as long as that of veneers and crowns, and sometimes they come off or peel off.
7. Enamel abrasion
It is another cosmetic dental procedure that used to remove discolorations and superficial stains from teeth. It consists of using fine pumice stone with a micro-abrasion machine to remove pigments from the surface.
It is useful for thoroughly cleaning teeth and removing pigments from food, beverages and tobacco. It cannot be used for those intrinsic stains or those that originate inside the piece. It is usually done as part of professional cleaning and prophylaxis, after removing the tartar.
8. Cosmetic orthodontics
Braces are also part of cosmetic dental procedures. With orthodontics it is possible to improve the appearance of the smile by solving problems of crooked, protruding, crowded or separated teeth.
What's more, the bite, feeding, oral hygiene and the functionality of the mouth in general are improved. Also, treating these occlusion problems changes the appearance and physiognomy of the face. Headaches, neck and jaw pain caused by these alterations are resolved.
Braces work by applying constant pressure and forces on the teeth to mobilize them over time to the desired site. Specific clinical case studies and adequate planning are necessary to carry out this therapy.
Wearing appliances to improve the appearance of the mouth does not imply using the classics braces and metal wires that could cause a rejection of these treatments. Well, currently there are many aesthetic options that allow therapy to be performed in a very discreet and almost imperceptible way:
Invisible type aligners Invisalign: These are transparent trays made specifically for the mouth of each patient. They are progressively changed so that they apply the necessary forces to mobilize the teeth. They are removable, that is, the patient can take them off to eat, sanitize or go to a social event. Anyway, for the success of the treatment you will have to wear them most of the day.
Braces ceramic and sapphire: they are aesthetic options to the classics braces of fixed orthodontics. They are made of materials that improve the appearance of the device, being less noticeable. Ceramics can become pigmented over time, but sapphire ones achieve very effective translucency.
Braces lingual: in this case, the braces they are cemented to the lingual faces of the teeth, that is, the appliance is worn inside. Thus, the treatment can be performed without anyone noticing that there is equipment in the teeth.
It may interest you: Types of orthodontics: which is the most appropriate?
9. Cosmetic bridges
It is an ideal solution to replace one or two missing teeth with a fixed and aesthetic method.. It consists of inserting one or two crowns on healthy teeth, joined to artificial teeth that replace the missing ones.
The healthy teeth on which the bridge is cemented are called pillars. These must be worn to receive the crowns that will cover them. They are on either side of the space left by the missing elements.
They can be made with aesthetic materials such as porcelain or acrylic, returning functionality and aesthetics to the oral cavity. They have the disadvantage of forcing healthy teeth to wear, but they are a cheaper option than implants.
It is the removable replacement of missing teeth and surrounding tissue. They can be complete, when all the teeth of the arch are missing, or partial when some natural elements remain in the mouth and only specific pieces are replaced.
It is an acceptable option to restore functionality to the mouth and improve the appearance of the smile and face.
11. Remodeling and gum grafting
Improving the appearance of the gums is part of cosmetic dental procedures. It may be necessary for cases of gummy smiles or for gingival retractions.
In the first case, the teeth appear too short or when smiling, too much gum is visible. To solve this, the gum itself (and if necessary also the excess bone tissue) is extracted and contoured, exposing more tooth surface.
On the contrary, when there are gingival retractions and the roots of the teeth are visible, the treatment of choice is the graft. With this therapy it is possible to cover the exposed root zone.
In this way, not only the appearance of teeth that look longer than normal is improved. Tooth sensitivity and bone loss are also avoided and the risk of root cavities is reduced.
When are cosmetic dental procedures recommended?
We have already mentioned the specific utilities of each particular treatment. Anyway, the main goal of applying these cosmetic dental procedures is improve the appearance of the smile and the appearance of the person in general.
It is that with an aligned, clean and bright smile, the image of the whole person improves. The face is the calling card and looking good increases social acceptance and self-esteem.
Thus, cosmetic dental procedures are useful to treat all those defects and problems that can alter the appearance of the mouth:
Stained teeth, pigmented and discolored.
Malocclusion problems, open bites, crossed bites, prognathisms, crooked, protruding, crowded or separated teeth.
Caries, fractures, chipped or broken teeth.
Absence of teeth.
Receding gums or excess gum tissue.
Acting on these aspects will not only improve the image of the person. Also, in many cases, it will return the functions to the mouth. The patient will be able to chew, eat and speak correctly.
On the other hand, the social implication of these treatments is notorious. Patients, being comfortable with the appearance of their oral cavity, they regain their self-confidence, feel secure and their self-esteem increases. The impact and social acceptance are usually very positive as well.
For all this, although these therapies seem aesthetic, in reality they intervene in many aspects that lead the person to be healthier.
Taking care of the mouth is essential
There are some problems that affect the appearance of the mouth that cannot be avoided. But oral health care and attention improve the condition of the oral cavity and avoid many problems that affect aesthetics.
Worrying about proper dental hygiene, eating a healthy and nutritious diet, avoiding colorful foods and tobacco are aspects that should be considered in order to have a healthy and beautiful mouth. Visiting the dentist frequently and regularly is also essential to take care of the smile.
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