11 aromatic plants to have inside the house

Indoor plants are ideal for giving aroma and freshness to the environment. In this opportunity we tell you what are the species that you can grow easily.

Last update: 28 March, 2022

Growing aromatic plants inside the house is not a difficult task. In fact, there is a wide variety of species that easily adapt to these environmental conditions. The best thing is that some of them can be used culinary or medicinally. Others, meanwhile, add beauty to spaces. Which are the best?

Among the best known we can mention rosemary, basil, bay leaf and mint. However, the list is much broader. In this opportunity we detail 11 options, their characteristics and some tips for their care. Keep reading!

The 11 best aromatic plants to grow inside the house

As stated in an article published in the magazine Future Science OAaromatic plants They are known largely for their medicinal value. Specifically, they are a source of essential oils whose flavor and fragrance are used for therapeutic, culinary and cosmetic purposes.

Of course, its uses and properties vary according to the type. Either way, they are easy to grow at home and can even be grown indoors. Let’s see some recommendations to plant them and the best species.

Tips for planting aromatic indoor plants

Before going into detail about the types of aromatic plants for the interior of the house, it is convenient to make some general considerations for their cultivation. Although it is true that each one has its peculiarities, there are some tips that can be applied in all cases;

  • Location: Although some grow well in the shade, the ideal is to choose a place where natural light enters. Areas near windows are good choices, especially since they also allow for ventilation.
  • Sewer system: A detail that cannot be ignored when planting in pots is the drainage system. Without it, moisture is trapped and can affect the health of the plant.
  • Irrigation: Irrigation frequency is a very important detail. It is not correct to do it daily, as excess moisture damages the roots. In most cases, irrigation 1 or 2 times a week is enough. If the weather is very hot and the plant is noticeably dry, it can be watered more regularly.

1. Chives (Allium schoenoprasum)

Chives are one of the most recommended aromatic plants to grow inside the house. It stands out for its particular onion flavor, although its aroma is softer. According to a post on Phytotherapy Research, It is a source of vitamin C, soluble proteins and antioxidants.

At a culinary level, it is recommended to season fish, meat and soups. It can also be incorporated into salads and vegetable recipes. The best? Its maintenance is not complicated. It requires little sun – about two hours of direct light is enough – and adapts easily to indoor conditions.

2. Dill (Anethum graveolens)

If there is an interesting and suitable aromatic plant for the kitchen, that is the dill. Whether fresh or dry, it is ideal to give more flavor and aroma to salads, sauces and fishamong other preparations.

Added to this, it stands out for its medicinal properties. A shared studio Pharmacognosy Reviews exposes that it has anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, diuretic, carminative, stimulant and stomach properties.

As for its care, it requires direct light. Therefore, when planting it inside the house, Ideally, place it near a window or other light source. Its irrigation must be moderate and the substrate must have a good drainage system.

Dill is a natural anti-inflammatory and has diuretic properties, which is why it is used quite often for the preparation of teas.

3. Lavender (Lavandula angustifolia)

One of the favorite aromatic plants to put inside the house is lavender. Its aroma is relaxing and gives a sensation of freshness. In fact, it is believed that it helps to repel insects, such as mosquitoes and mosquitoes.

What is proven is that it contains volatile oils that help calm stress and anxiety. In addition, an article published in Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine determined that it has potential as a natural anti-inflammatory.

At the time of cultivating this plant it is necessary to consider that the pot must have a good drainage system. Lavender is quite sensitive to excess water. It is even enough to water it once a week or until the substrate dries out.

4. Coriander (Coriandrum sativum)

A shared studio Food Research International categorized coriander as a functional food with promising properties for well-being. This, in reference to its content of bioactive compounds with antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, neuroprotective and anxiolytic effects, among others.

Specifically, it is one of the most used aromatic plants in the kitchen. Its aroma is strong, as is its flavor. It goes very well with meat, soups, salads, legumes and fish.

Indoor cultivation is relatively easy. It is enough to introduce a mixture of peat and sand in a pot with a good drainage system. It is not necessary to water it regularly. You have to wait until the land is dry.

As for light, it requires about 4 or 5 hours of sunlight daily. Therefore, the ideal is to have it near a window.

5. Rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis)

Rosemary is one of the aromatic plants that are valued for their medicinal properties; In addition, it is ideal for gardens inside the house. Its branches are used to flavor soups, stews, recipes with vegetables and meats.

Data collected in an investigation disclosed in Journal of Biomedical Science state that the plant has phytoconstituents that they confer anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, antimicrobial, antiproliferative and antitumor activity.

However, it requires more care than other species. To be more exact, it needs between 5 and 6 hours of direct light. Its watering should be moderate, since excess moisture rots its roots. Even so, it is not good to let the substrate dry completely.

6. Thyme (Thymus vulgaris)

Beyond its aromatic and culinary properties, thyme stands out for its contributions to health. Through heliyon it is highlighted that It has anti-infective, cardioprotective, gastroprotective, anti-inflammatory and immunomodulatory properties.

On the other hand, it is a very versatile ingredient, as it adds flavor and aroma to dishes with meat, stews, vegetables and soups. As far as its care is concerned, it requires direct sunlight and air currents. In interior spaces, it must be kept near the windows to guarantee these conditions.

Like other plants, it is essential to guarantee good drainage, as well as a good substrate and humus. Clay pots are the best option to promote its healthy growth.

7. Sage (Salvia officinalis)

Fresh or dried sage is used to flavor meat, fish and vegetables. Beyond this, it is valued for its medicinal qualities, as it is a source of carbohydrates, fatty acids, phenolic compounds and trace elements that benefit health.

To grow it inside the house you have to know that it requires enough sunlight. As much as possible, it should be exposed to it for 6 to 8 hours a day. Therefore, it should not be placed in spaces with a lot of shade. A sandy substrate and a wide container are recommended.

There are many varieties of sage, although almost all share the same care and recommendations.

8. Basil (Ocimum basilicum)

There are those who call it “the mother of aromatic herbs”. She has a soft and pleasant smell that is used in foods such as pasta —in pesto sauce, for example—; It can also be included in salads, soups and meat recipes.

Regarding its health benefits, a review states that It contains polyphenols and flavonoids that help improve the quality of the diet. These give it anti-inflammatory, antioxidant and chemopreventive effects.

It can be grown both outside and inside the house. However, it does require a lot of sunlight. Its humidity must be well controlled, since too much water easily rots its roots. To enrich your soil with nutrients, Organic fertilizers should be used.

9. Peppermint (Mentha spicata)

With a slightly sweet flavor and a fresh aroma, mint is one of the favorite aromatic plants in gastronomy. It is used to marinate meat and to enhance the flavor of salads and vegetable recipes. There are even those who use it in the preparation of cocktails.

As disclosed in an article in Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicinepeppermint contains antioxidants, essential oils, vitamins and minerals that are related to good health. It is used to prevent chronic diseases, fight obesity and protect cognitive health.

The ideal thing for it to grow inside the house is to choose an environment with semi-shade. Too much sunlight tends to burn its leaves. Your watering should be moderate, except in summer, which should be more regular.

10. Parsley (Petroselinum crispum)

Parsley is considered one of the basic condiments in the kitchen. Both fresh and dried, it provides a delicious flavor to preparations. It is often added to salads and vegetable recipes. However, there are those who prefer to use it in drinks and meats.

As far as properties are concerned, a publication in Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture highlights that its concentration of antioxidants contributes to the prevention of chronic diseases associated with oxidative stress. In addition, it is classified as a “functional food”.

Plant care is basic: a pot with good drainage and a substrate containing coconut fiber and humus. It doesn’t need a lot of sunlight; about 3 hours a day is enough. Its watering must be constant, especially in summer, since it requires humidity.

11. Laurel (Laurus nobilis)

By tradition, bay leaves are used in many kitchens to season legumes, soups and meats. Its aroma is quite pleasant and it contains a plus of nutrients that contribute to improving the quality of the diet.

According to an article published in the magazine molecules, its leaves contain essential oils and antioxidants with antimicrobial, anti-inflammatory and antifungal potential.

The optimal condition for its cultivation are semi-shaded environments. That is, it should not receive too much direct sunlight; 4 hours a day are enough. Now, we must bear in mind that the plant does not grow without receiving light.

The periodicity of its watering depends on how soon the soil dries out. Ideally, do it at the end of the day.

Dried bay leaves are a classic in family kitchens to add to sauces.

Do you dare to grow these aromatic plants at home?

It does not matter if you do not have a garden or a terrace. Aromatic plants can be planted in pots inside the house. The important thing is to pay attention to its basic care to ensure healthy growth.

Try to choose spaces where there is enough ventilation and sunlight. Also, follow the irrigation and fertilization recommendations for each species.

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