10 garden plants that best withstand the sun and drought

Having a garden or a terrace in arid areas does not mean having only rustic plants or shrubs. There is a list of ideal specimens for these climatic conditions.

Last update: 25 September, 2022

Maintaining a flowery and colorful garden can be an exhausting task for some people. Whether due to lack of time or simple forgetfulness, there are those who opt for simpler outdoor spaces. Also, the climatic conditions of certain territories reduce the possibilities of having any species. However, for all these cases, there are garden plants that can withstand the sun and drought.

Many types of plants adapt well to gardens where water is not abundant. This does not mean that they are unaesthetic or just robust species.

Choosing the garden plants that best withstand the sun and drought can be a decision that is as practical as it is decorative. Rosemary, lavender and thyme they coexist harmoniously with the strong solar rays, while they provide gastronomic properties.

Look at these garden plants that withstand the sun and drought

It is true that many species do not tolerate more than a few days without receiving rainwater or irrigation. Others are not very resistant to sunlight either. Although they are climatic conditions that limit the choice, the category of garden plants that best withstand the sun and drought is wide.

The following species are ideal for those who do not have the necessary maintenance time. Also for the forgetful or those who live in dry and hot regions.

1. Geranium

The geranium family is the main demonstration that drought-tolerant landscape plants can also add aesthetics. It is a group of more than 400 species, most of which are easy to care for. geraniums are popular for their attractive flowers and characteristic fragrance.

With an annual growth cycle, they usually bloom in late spring. Despite being able to withstand heat and drought, it is advisable to water them with some frequency during the growing months.

Geranium flowers provide their colors despite the drought, so they decorate your garden with less effort.

2. Olive tree

His correct name is Olea europaea, but it is better known as “olive tree” or “aceituno”. It is a small tree, from whose flowers the olive grows.

The origin of this plant is the basin of the Mediterranean Sea, so it is a species suitable for dry areas. Its care is very simple, since it can survive only with rainwater and with a lot of exposure to the sun.

The olive tree brings aesthetics and gastronomic uses to the home.

3. Mugwort

It is true that some of the ideal vegetation for dry climates are shrub formations. Although it is not the only category, these types of plants withstand drought very well.

For example, the genus of artemisias. It includes hundreds of variants; some for gastronomic use, such as tarragon.

With lush, aesthetic foliage, mugworts feature easy care methods. It is enough to water the roots when they are very dry and protect them a little from the wind. For the rest, this genre supports the sun’s rays and heat.

4. Vervain

The genus of verbenas includes a set of creeping, herbaceous and annual growing plants. It is another option that brings beauty through its flowers, which are generally very colorful.

They tolerate sandy soils and dry climates, but have low frost tolerance.. Therefore, it is advisable to plant verbenas in warm areas or, otherwise, protect them during the winter.

Verbenas also have aesthetic flowers that can adorn a garden.

5. Kangaroo Paw

A lesser known species, but very adaptable to dry climates, is the Anigozanthos, also called “kangaroo paw”. It is a native genus of Australia, which offers a set of long leaves and tall flower stems that give it a particular style.

It has roots that store a large amount of sap, which is why it can withstand long periods of drought. However, it is advisable to keep the soil moist to encourage its growth, especially in the summer months.

6. Australian Tea Tree

A plant famous for its antiseptic properties. The oil extracted from this variant is often used for different conditions related to the skin. For example, acne, dandruff or athlete’s foot.

Also, does not require more care than frequent watering during the first year of growth. The tea tree provides an aesthetic component thanks to its abundant white and pink flowers.

7. Gender Aloe

One of the most common options for gardens located in dry regions is the genus Aloe. Native to dry lands in Africa and the Near East, this subfamily of Asphodelaceae withstands sun exposure very well. In addition, the most used variants, such as aloe vera or coral, resist up to 2 weeks without irrigation or rain during the summer months.

With the colder temperatures of winter, that time is extended further. He is also known for his contribution to cosmetics, medicine and gastronomy. plants of the genus Aloe They must be careful not to get waterlogged.

The medicinal effect of aloe vera is well known. Cosmetic brands include it in the ingredients of commercial products.

8. Bougainvillea

One of the genera that best adapts to drought is that of the Bougainvilleaalso known as “veraneras”. A species that requires a lot of sunlight and can grow in the form of a tree or a bush. It does not tolerate cold temperatures well, especially those below 0 degrees.

The little need for irrigation makes it easy to care for. On the contrary, care must be taken not to moisten it excessively. What it does need is considerable space so that it can develop its abundant foliage.

9. Artichokes

Another edible plant alternative is the artichoke. It grows comfortably in dry and hot climates, due to its Mediterranean origin.

Requires more frequent watering when installing, but then they can be sporadic. It is important that the roots have good drainage, so that the typical buds grow healthy on the thick stems.

It is these formations that are used for gastronomy, before they open and bloom. On the other hand, rosemary and thyme plants are also very functional in the kitchen, as well as offering aromatic characteristics for the garden. Both have good resistance to sun and drought, but must be protected if the frosts are intense.

10. Lavender

Lastly, the gender lavenderwhich includes the famous lavender, is a rustic species that is very easy to care for. This plant is recognized for its fragrancewhich is used in numerous perfumes and laundry soaps.

Despite its delicacy, its attractive purple color and its aroma, lavender grows in warm climates, but it also withstands the cold. An essential bushy specimen in the garden.

Lavender has a particular aroma that is used in perfumes, but also to repel pests in the garden.

Consider sunlight

Adorning a garden in hot, dry climates is no problem, as the list of adaptable plants is extensive. Therefore, it is advisable to pay attention to the amount of sunlight that reaches the patio or terrace.

Drought conditions and high temperatures are guaranteed. So the choice of plants depends on the frosts that fall during the winter and the level of direct sunlight they receive.

You might be interested…